Tonyblack wrote:If I remember correctly that was because he was given his own freedom. His chem was removed and he was able to think freely for the first time.
I don't believe you do remember correctly Tony, because when his chem was removed he shut down. When the receipt was put into his head, it meant that he owned himself and then he started thinking freely.
Neither of you is quite right. But fairly clearly what Terry explores in FOC
is whether golems are things (robots) or some kind of being (eg. human).
When Dorfl appears at the police station and "confesses" they take his chem out - and as long as it's out, he's essentially dead. And he appears to be subject (Terry read Asimov) to the 3rd law of Robotics, that a robot/golem may not harm or allow harm to come to a human being. When Carrot puts the chem back in, Dorfl cannot actually hit him though he tries.
When Carrot and Angua follow Dorfll from the police station after Carrot demonstrates that he is not the murderer, and Carrot buys him from the Butcher for $1.00, Carrot puts the receipt in Dorfl's head. He "faints", but when Carrot tries to remove it, Dorfl comes out of the faint and goes away to the cellar to think about things, and then to act. Dorfl knows now that he is a thinking being and as such is responsible for his actions. He was partially responsible for creating the white golem (who is insane), and he must try to destroy that poor mad creature before it does more harm. But in the fight, the King (the white golem who is mad) slices Dorfl's head open and his chem falls out.
But, he manages, even without the chem and in his mutilated state to shatter the King's head. Afterwords, in his mutilated state he writes WORDS IN THE HEART CANNOT BE TAKEN
Dorfl is rebuilt and given a tongue, and what the Golem Trust has undertaken is implementing what Dorfl describes at the end of FOC
. They are buying the freedom of other golems, rehabiliting them, allowing them to work to buy themselves free. These semi-free but conscious and speaking golems appear to have some of the requirements of preventing harm to humans, because they turn up for the fire at the Post Office. They appear to have feelings, but they are not human feelings, exactly, but based on the Universe as they see it.