Happy Birthday Sir Terry Pratchett!
Historical Events on 28th April
357 - Emperor Constantius II visits Rome
585 - War between Lydia & Media ended by solar eclipse
1192 - Assassination of Conrad of Montferrat (Conrad I), King of Jerusalem, in Tyre, two days after his title to the throne is confirmed by election. The killing is carried out by Hashshashin.
1202 - King Philip II throws out John without Country, from France
1253 - -May 7th) Utrecht destroyed by fire
1253 - Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk, propounds Nam Myoho Renge Kyo for the first time and declares it to be the essence of Buddhism, in effect founding Nichiren Buddhism.
1376 - English parliament demands supervision on royal outlay
1503 - Battle at Cerignalo: Spanish army under G Cordoba beats France
1521 - Treaty of Worms: Emperor Charles names his brother Ferdinand Arch duke of Neth-Austria
1550 - Powers of Dutch inquisition extends
1611 - Establishment of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, The Catholic University of the Philippines, the oldest existing university in Asia and the largest Catholic university in the world.
1635 - Virginia Gov John Harvey accused of treason & removed from office
1655 - English admiral Blake beats Tunen pirate fleet
1686 - 1st volume of Isaac Newton's "Principia" published
1770 - Capt James Cook in Endeavor lands at Botany Bay in Australia
1788 - Maryland becomes 7th state to ratify constitution
1789 - Fletcher Christian leads Mutiny on HMS Bounty & Capt William Bligh
1796 - Cease fire of Cherasco
1804 - 31 English ship sail Suriname river demand transition colony
1818 - Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes & Lake Champlain
1829 - Dutch parliament accepts new press laws
1847 - George B Vashon becomes 1st black to enter NY State Bar
1848 - Free last slaves in French colonies
1855 - 1st veterinary college in US incorporated in Boston
1865 - Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine," premieres in Paris
1865 - Opera "L'Africaine" is produced (Paris)
1892 - 1st performance of Antonin Dvorák's overture "Carneval"
1901 - 1st soccer game between Belgium (8 ) & Netherlands (0 )
1901 - Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1
1902 - Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date.
1910 - 1st night air flight (Claude Grahame-White, England)
1914 - 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles WV
1914 - W H Carrier patents air conditioner
1919 - 1st jump with Army Air Corp (rip-cord type) parachute (Les Irvin)
1920 - Azerbaijan SSR joins USSR (1st time)
1920 - Azerbaijan is added to the Soviet Union.
1922 - WOI (Ames, Iowa) country's 1st licensed educational radio station
1923 - Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
1924 - 119 die in Benwood West Virginia coal mine disaster
1925 - Kurd rebels surrender to Turkish army
1925 - Netherlands & Great Britain return to gold standard
1930 - 1st night organized baseball game (Independence KS)
1931 - Program for woman athletes approved for 1932 Olympics track & field
1932 - 1st broadcast of "One Man's Family" on NBC-radio
1932 - Yellow fever vaccine for humans announced
1934 - FDR signs Home Owners Loan Act
1934 - Soccer team Blue White '34 forms
1934 - Spanish govt of Samper forms
1934 - Tigers' Goose Goslin grounds into 4 straight double plays
1935 - Moscow underground opens (81 km long)
1937 - 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
1937 - 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am
1938 - King Zog of Albania marries Countess Geraldine of Hungary
1939 - Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect
1940 - Glenn Miller records "Pennsylvania 6-5000"
1940 - Rudolf Hess becomes commandant of concentration camp Auschwitz
1941 - Last British troops in Greece surrenders
1942 - "WW II" titled so, as result of Gallup Poll
1942 - Nightly "dim-out" begins along East Coast
1943 - 1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning"
1943 - German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa
1943 - US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia
1944 - Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski
1944 - Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats
1945 - British commands attack Elbe & occupies Lauenburg
1945 - US 5th army reaches Swiss border
1947 - Thor Heyerdahl & "Kon-Tiki" sail from Peru to Polynesia
1949 - Bkln, Commish Chandler suspends Durocher but he is absolved on May 3 NY fan charges Leo Durocher with assault after Giants lose 15-2 to
1949 - Former Philippine First Lady Aurora Quezon, 61, is assassinated while en route to dedicate a hospital in memory of her late husband; her daughter and 10 others are also killed.
1950 - Bhumibol Adulyadej marries Queen Sirikit after their quiet engagement in Lausanne, Switzerland on July 19, 1949.
1952 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Richmond Golf Open
1952 - St Louis Browns lend 2 black minor leaguers to Hankyu Braves of Japan
1952 - WW II Pacific peace treaty takes effect
1952 - Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO.
1955 - WBIQ TV channel 10 in Birmingham, AL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - Last French troop leave Vietnam
1956 - Reds Frank Robinson hits his 1st of 586 HRs
1957 - Patty Berg wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1957 - WSOC TV channel 9 in Charlotte, NC (ABC) begins broadcasting
1958 - Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas Island
1958 - Vanguard TV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed)
1958 - Vice Pres Richard Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America
1959 - KLOE TV channel 10 in Goodland, KS (CBS) begins broadcasting
1959 - KPLR TV channel 11 in Saint Louis, MO (IND) begins broadcasting
1960 - "Christine" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 12 performances
1960 - WIPM TV channel 3 in Mayaguez, PR (PBS) begins broadcasting
1961 - Lt Col Gueorgui Mossolov takes E-66A to 34,714 m altitude
1961 - Warren Spahn pitches 2nd no hitter at 41 beats SF Giants, 1-0
1963 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Titleholders Golf Championship
1963 - 17th Tony Awards: "Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?" and "A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum" win
1964 - Japan joins OECO
1965 - Barbra Streisand stars on "My Name is Barbra" special on CBS
1965 - Lindsey Nelson broadcasts game at Astrodome from a hanging gondola
1965 - Richard Helms replaces Marshall S Carter as deputy director of CIA
1965 - US marines invade Dominican Republic, stay until October 1966
1965 - William F Raborn Jr replaces John A McCone as 7th head of CIA
1966 - 20th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3
1966 - 38th Academy Awards - "Sound of Music," Julie Christie & L Marvin win
1966 - Cleve ties record with 10th straight win since Opening Day
1966 - OCAM, Common Afro-Mauritian Organization forms
1967 - Expo 67 opens in Montreal
1967 - Muhammad Ali refuses induction into army & stripped of boxing title
1968 - 11 year-old Mary Bell strangles 4 year-old
1968 - Carol Mann wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies' Golf Invitational
1969 - Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France
1969 - King Crismson with Greg Lake & Ian McDonald debuts
1971 - Dutch social democratic party/D'66/DS'70 win parliamentary election
1971 - Samuel Lee Gravely Jr becomes 1st black admiral in US Navy
1972 - Courts awarded Kentucky Derby prize money to 2nd place winner because winner was given drugs before race
1973 - Over 6000 Mk. 82 500 pound bombs detonate over the course of 18 hours in a railyard in northern California. 5500 structures are damaged, and the town of Antelope, California ceases to exist, with every building being reduced to the foundation. This accident leads to the passing of the Transportation Safety Act of 1974 which makes the NTSB an independent agency.
1974 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Birmingham Golf Classic
1975 - John Lennon appears on "Tonight" & Ringo on "Smother Brothers"
1975 - South-Vietnam Gen Duong Van Minh sworn in as president till April 30
1977 - Christopher Boyce convicted for selling secrets
1977 - Andreas Baader & members of Baader-Meinhoff jailed for life after a trial lasting nearly 2 years in Stuttgart, Germany
1977 - The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure is signed.
1980 - Cyrus Vance, Carter's Secretary of State, resigns
1980 - Reunion Arena in Dallas opens
1981 - Galician current Statute of Autonomy.
1983 - Argentine govt declares all 15-30,000 missing persons dead
1983 - Bruins 4-Isles 1-Wales Conf Championship-Series tied 1-1
1983 - NASA launches Geos-F
1984 - "La Tragedie de Carmen" closes at Beaumont Theater NYC after 187 perfs
1985 - Alice Miller wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic
1985 - Billy Martin named NY Yankee manager for 4th time
1985 - Fernando Valenzuela sets record of 41 scoreless inn to start season
1986 - Chernobyl, USSR site of world's worst nuclear power plant disaster
1987 - NBA announces expansion to Charlotte NC & Miami Fla in 1988 & Minneapolis Minn & Orlando Fla in 1989
1987 - American engineer Ben Linder is killed in an ambush by U.S.-funded Contras in northern Nicaragua.
1988 - "Chess" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 68 performances
1988 - Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 roof tears off in flight; kills stewardess
1988 - Baltimore Orioles lose AL record 21 games in a row
1988 - NJ Devils set all time playoff mark for penalty minutes
1989 - Argentina, hit by rocketing inflation, runs out of money
1989 - Iran protests sale of "Satanic Verses" by Salman Rushdie
1990 - "Chorus Line" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 6,137 performances
1990 - Boston Celtics score most points in a playoff, beat NY Knicks 157-128
1990 - Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Dave Ferraro
1990 - Guns & Roses' Axl marries Erin Everly (annulled same year)
1990 - Last issue of Dutch communist daily De Waarheid (The Truth)
1991 - "Gypsy" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 105 performances
1991 - "Taking Steps" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 78 perfs
1991 - Space Shuttle STS 39 (Discovery 12) launched
1992 - Brewers beat Blue Jays 22-2 with AL record 31 hits in 9 innings
1992 - Italian President Francesco Cossiga formally resigns
1993 - "Tango Passion" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 5 performances
1993 - Carlo Ciampi forms Italian govt with ex-communists
1993 - Zambian plane crashes at Libreville, Gabon, 30 soccer players die
1993 - NY Islanders beat Wash Caps 4 to 1 in playoffs, Caps Dale Hunter attacks Pierre Turgeon after scoring, in hockey's worst cheap shot
1994 - 1st multi-racial election in South Africa ends [3 days]
1994 - Aldrich Ames, former CIA officer & wife Rosario plead guilty to spying
1994 - Freddy Thielemans sworn in as mayor of Brussels Belgium
1994 - Lisa Marie Presley separates from Danny Keough
1995 - Gas explosion in South Korean metro, 103 die
1995 - Sri Lankaan BAE748 crashes at Palaly, 52 die
1996 - "Big," opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 193 performances
1996 - Martin Bryant shoots & kills 35 in Port Arthur Tasmania
1996 - Meg Mallon wins LPGA Sara Lee Golf Classic
1997 - "Jekyll & Hyde" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC
2001 - Millionaire Dennis Tito becomes the world's first space tourist.
2005 - The Patent Law Treaty goes into effect.
"Goodness is about what you do. Not what you pray to."