Happy Birthday Kittycat1977! Historical Events on 31st May
1279 BC - Rameses II (The Great) (19th dynasty) becomes pharaoh of Ancient Egypt.
70 - Rome captures 1st wall of the city of Jerusalem
1223 - Mongol invasion of the Cumans: Battle of the Kalka River - Mongol armies of Genghis Khan lead by Subutai defeat Kievan Rus and Cumans.
1417 - Jacoba van Bavarian becomes countess of Holland/Zealand/Henegouwen
1495 - Emperor Maximilian, Pope Alexander VI, Milan, King Ferdinand, Isabella & Venice sign anti-French Saint League
1531 - "Women's Revolt" in Amsterdam: wool house in churchyard aborted
1564 - Battle on Gotland: Lubeck & Denmark beat Sweden
1578 - Martin Frobisher sails from Harwich, England to Frobisher Bay, Canada, eventually to mine fool's gold, used to pave streets in London.
1621 - Sir Francis Bacon thrown into Tower of London for 1 night
1634 - US colony Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony
1659 - Netherlands, England & France sign Treaty of The Hague
1665 - Jerusalem's rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah
1669 - Citing poor eyesight, Samuel Pepys records the last event in his diary.
1696 - John Salomonsz elected chief of Saint-Eustatius
1727 - France, England & Netherlands sign accord of Paris
1744 - French troops conquer Kortrijk
1759 - The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions.
1790 - US copyright law enacted
1790 - Alferez Manuel Quimper explores the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
1813 - In Australia, Lawson, Blaxland and Wentworth, reached Mount Blaxland, effectively marking the end of a route across the Blue Mountains.
1821 - Cathedral of Assumption of Blessed Virgin Mary, 1st US Catholic cathedral, is dedicated in Baltimore
1836 - HMS Beagle anchors in Simons Bay, Cape of Good Hope
1837 - Astor Hotel opens in NYC, it later becomes the Waldorf-Astoria
1847 - Rotterdam-Hague Railway opens
1849 - Last edition of Orange sheet "Journal de La Haye"
1853 - Elisha Kane's Arctic expedition leaves NY aboard Advance
1859 - Phila A's organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later
1861 - Gen Beauregard is given command of Confederate Alexandria Line
1861 - Mint at New Orleans closes
1862 - Battle of Seven Pines VA (Fair Oaks)
1864 - Raid at Morgan's Kentucky
1868 - 1st Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio
1868 - Dr James Moore (UK) wins 1st recorded bicycle race, (2k) velocipede race at Parc fde St Cloud, Paris
1870 - Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
1870 - E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
1875 - Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
1878 - German battleship Grosser Kurfurst sinks, 284 killed
1878 - US Congress accept decrease in dollar circulation
1879 - 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
1879 - Madison Square Garden opens
1880 - League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI
1883 - French fleet under Pierre begins siege of Tamatave, Madagascar
1884 - Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal"
1889 - Johnstown Flood; 2,209 die in Penn
1891 - Work on trans-Siberian railway begins
1893 - Whitcomb Judson, Chicago, patents a hookless fastening (zipper)
1899 - -June 5] Conference of Bloemfontein fails
1899 - Bronx acquires Keltch Memorial Park
1900 - British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg
1900 - Piet de Law captures Lt-Col Spragges Irish Yeomanry
1900 - Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074)
1900 - US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion
1902 - Australia Cricket all out 36 v England, Edgbaston, their lowest ever
1902 - Boer War Ends; Treaty of Unity signed, Britain annexes Transvaal
1905 - Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger
1906 - Attack on King Alfonso XIII & Victoria von Battenberg in Madrid
1907 - Taxis 1st began running in NYC
1908 - Miss Pottelsberghe de la Pottery is 1st airplane passenger (Belgium)
1909 - 1st NAACP conference (United Charities Building, NYC)
1910 - Cape of Good Hope becomes part of Union of South Africa
1910 - Glenn Curtiss flies from Albany to NYC
1910 - Union of South Africa declares independence from UK
1911 - R.M.S. Titanic launched.
1912 - US marines land on Cuba
1913 - 17th amendment (direct election of senators) declared ratified
1913 - Alexis Ahlgren runs world record maraton (2:36:06.6)
1914 - Chic White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleve Indians, 6-1
1915 - An LZ-38 Zeppelin makes an air raid on London
1916 - Battle of Skagerrak: Brit-German sea battle at Jutland (10,000 dead)
1916 - British battle cruiser Invincible explodes, killing all but 6
1917 - 1st jazz record released (Dark Town Strutters Ball)
1919 - NC-4 aircraft commanded by AC Read completes 1st crossing of Atlantic
1921 - Suffy McInnis (1st base) begins an errorless string of 1,700
1923 - China & USSR exchange diplomats
1926 - Portuguese president Bernardino Machedo resigns after coup
1926 - Sesquicentennial Exposition opens in Philadelphia
1927 - Ford Motor Company produces last "Tin Lizzie" (begins Model A)
1927 - Tiger 1st baseman Johnny Neun makes an unassisted triple play
1928 - 1st aerial cross of Pacific takes off from Oakland
1928 - Charlie Hallows scores his 1,000th run of Cricket season
1929 - Atlantic City Convention Center opens
1930 - Bradman gets his 1,000th run of the English Cricket season
1930 - Building begins on Albert Canal in Belgium
1930 - Comet 73P/1930 (Schwassmann-Wachmann 3) approaches 0.0617 AUs of Earth
1931 - 7.1 magnitude Earthquake destroys Quetta in modern-day Pakistan: 40,000 dead.
1935 - Babe Ruth grounds out in his final at bat
1935 - Quake kills 50,000 in Quetta Pakistan
1937 - 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
1937 - Bkln Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
1937 - German battleships bomb Almeria Spain
1938 - Bill Edrich scores his 1,000th run of cricket season, all at Lord's
1940 - Gen-major Bernard Montgomery leaves Duinkerken
1940 - Premier Winston Churchill flies to Paris to meet with Marshal August Pétain who announces he is willing to make a seperate peace with Germany
1941 - -June 1) 32.0 cm rain falls on Burlington Kansas (state record)
1941 - 1st issue of "Parade" goes on sale
1941 - 41 U boats sunk this month (325,000 ton)
1941 - British troops vacate Kreta
1941 - German occupiers forbids Jews access to beach & swimming pools
1941 - A Luftwaffe air raid in Dublin, Ireland claims 38 lives.
1942 - 25th PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Seaview CC Atlantic City NJ
1942 - Luftwaffe bombs Canterbury
1943 - "Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio
1943 - Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters
1944 - Allied breakthrough in Italy
1947 - 79th Belmont: Ruperto Donoso aboard Phalanx wins in 2:29.6
1947 - Communists grab power in Hungary
1947 - Eastern DC-4 crashes between Ft Deposit & Perryville Md, kills 53
1947 - Italian government of Gasperi forms
1948 - Tommy Lasorda strikes out 25 Amsterdam Rugmakers (in 15 innings)
1949 - 31st PGA Championship: Sam Snead at Hermitage CC Richmond VA
1949 - Charley Lupica begins stay on 4 foot square platform atop a 60' pole, vowing to stay until Indians clinch pennant. (They don't, & stays 117 days)
1950 - Due to rain, Indy 500 shortened to 345 miles, Johnny Parson wins
1950 - Laker takes 14-12-2-8 in Test Cricket trial
1951 - Neth & South Africa sign cultural accord
1953 - Lebanese president Camille Shamun disbands government
1953 - WSUN TV channel 38 in St Petersburg-Tampa, FL (IND) 1st broadcast
1955 - Construction begins on Soviet cosmodrome launch facilities
1955 - Great Britain proclaims emergency crisis due to railroad strike
1955 - Supreme Court orders school integration "with all deliberate speed"
1956 - Mickey Mantle HR just misses clearing Yankee Stadium's roof
1957 - Great Britain performs nuclear test at Christmas Island (atmospheric)
1958 - Dick Dale invents "surf music" with "Let's Go Trippin"
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Bikini Island (atmospheric tests)
1959 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Cavalier Golf Open
1961 - Benfica wins 6th Europe Cup 1 at Bern
1961 - Chuck Berry's amusement park, Berryland in St Louis, opens
1961 - JFK visits Charles de Gaulle in Paris
1961 - Judge Irving Kaufman orders Board of Ed of New Rochelle, to integrate
1961 - Union of South Africa becomes a republic, leaves Commonwealth
1962 - "Tell It To Groucho" last airs on CBS-TV
1962 - The West Indies Federation dissolves.
1964 - Charles Schmid kills first Pied Piper victim
1964 - Ruth Jessen wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open
1964 - SF Giants beat NY Mets, 8-6, in 23 innings (2nd game) (7 hrs 32 mins)
1965 - Jim Clark becomes 1st foreigner in 49 years to win Indy
1967 - Bayern Munchen wins 7th Europe Cup II at Neurenberg
1969 - "Dear World" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 132 perfs
1969 - "Gitarzan" by Ray Stevens peaks at #8
1969 - John Lennon & Yoko Ono record "Give Peace a Chance"
1969 - Stevie Wonder releases "My Cherie Amore"
1970 - At 03:23 PM, Yungay Peru levelled by 7.75 earthquake (50-70,000 die)
1970 - KDUB TV channel 40 in Dubuque, IA (ABC) begins broadcasting
1970 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA O'Sullivan Ladies' Golf Open
1971 - WDXR (now WKPD) TV channel 29 in Paducah, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - Ajax wins Europe Cup 1 in Rotterdam
1973 - Glenn Turner scores his 1,000th cricket run of English season
1974 - Israel & Syria sign an agreement concerning Golan Heights
1974 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 - "Goodtime Charley" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 104 performances
1975 - Fred Newman makes 12,874 baskets in a one-day exhibition
1976 - Loudest PA (76 KW) for Who's Quadrophenia in London
1977 - "Beatlemania" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 920 performances
1977 - Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani becomes heir apparent to throne of Qatar
1977 - Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed
1979 - "I Remember Mama" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 108 performances
1979 - Radio City Music Hall (NYC) reopens
1979 - Zimbabwe proclaims independence
1980 - "Love Stinks" by J Geils Band peaks at #38
1980 - Police & youthful rebels battle in Zurich
1981 - Cathy Reynolds wins LPGA Golden Lights Golf Championship
1982 - "Best Little Whorehouse in Tx" opens at Eugene O'Neill NYC for 63 perf
1983 - 37th NBA Championship: Phila 76ers sweep LA Lakers in 4 games
1984 - 57th National Spelling Bee: Daniel Greenblatt wins spelling luge
1984 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1984 - Viv Richards hits 189* (170 balls) v England, ODI cricket record
1985 - 41 tornadoes hit Northeast US, killing 88
1985 - Guatemala adopts constitution
1985 - New Orleans Saints are sold for $70,204,000
1985 - Tornados in Penn, Ohio, NY & Canada kill 88 & injured more than 1,000
1985 - 1985 United States-Canadian tornado outbreak: Forty-one tornadoes hit Ohio, Pennsylvania, New York, and Ontario, leaving 76 dead.
1985 - Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) became a Schedule I drug in the United States.
1987 - Cindy Rarick wins LPGA Corning Golf Classic
1987 - Saul Ballesteros drives 3 golf balls off Mt McKinley, Alaska
1987 - Stanley Cup: Edmonton Oilers beat Phila Flyers, 4 games to 3
1989 - "Rambling with Gambling" 20,000th radio program on WOR-AM (NYC)
1989 - 1st International Rock Awards
1989 - 1st presentation of rock n roll Elvis awards
1989 - Speaker of House Jim Wright resigns
1990 - 63rd National Spelling Bee: Amy Marie Dimak wins spelling fibranne
1990 - BPAA US Women's Bowling Open won by Dana Miller-Mackie
1990 - NYC's Zodiac killer shoots 3rd victim, Joseph Ponce
1990 - Seinfeld starring Jerry Seinfeld, debuts on NBC as Seinfeld Chronicles
1991 - Sides in Angola sign a treaty ending 16 year civil war
1992 - 46th Tony Awards: Dancing at Lughnasa & Crazy For You win
1992 - 5th Children's Miracle Network Telethon raises $1,060,000
1992 - Barb Mucha wins LPGA Oldsmobile Golf Classic
1993 - President Dobrica Cosic of little Yugoslavia flees
1994 - Padres scores 13 in 2nd vs Pirates
1996 - Mark Van Thillo & Abigail Alling, former biospherian win $100,000 lawsuit against Biospheric Development for Space Biospheres Ventures
1997 - "Once Upon a Matress," closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 187 perf
1997 - Donovan Bailey beats Michael Johnson in 150m race
1997 - The Confederation Bridge opens, linking Prince Edward Island with mainland New Brunswick.
2002 - The New Jersey Nets defeat the Boston Celtics 96-88 in Game 6 of the NBA's Eastern Conference Championship, winning the series 4 games to 2 to advance to their first NBA Finals appearance.
2008 - Usain Bolt breaks the world record in the 100m sprint, with a wind-legal (+1.7m/s) 9.72 seconds.
2010 - Shayetet 13 soldiers tried to stop the flotilla that wanted to break the blockade on Gaza Strip. During the boarding on the MV Mavi Marmara ship, a violent confrontation had started. It caused the death of 9 activists who were on board, and several more injured activists. Moreover, several israeli soldiers were injured.
2012 - Egypt formally ends its 31 year state of emergency
"Goodness is about what you do. Not what you pray to."